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Precipitation Frequency for Hawaiian Islands, USA - NOAA Atlas 14 Volume 4


Identification Information:
(datsetid):gov.noaa.nws.ohd.hdsc: OHD-HDSC-NOAAAtlas14V4v2011-HI
Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: NOAA/NWS/Office of Hydrologic Development, Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
Publication Date: 20090529
Title: Precipitation Frequency for Hawaiian Islands, USA - NOAA Atlas 14 Volume 4
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: raster digital data
Series Information:
Series Name: NOAA Atlas 14
Issue Identification: Volume 4
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Silver Spring, MD, USA
Publisher: NOAA/NWS/Office of Hydrologic Development, Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
Online Linkage: http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/hdsc/pfds/pfds_gis.html
Online Linkage: http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/hdsc/pfds/
Online Linkage: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ohd/hdsc/index.html
Online Linkage: ftp://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/pub/hdsc/data/
Description:
Abstract: This GIS grid atlas contains precipitation frequency estimates for the Hawaiian Islands is based on precipitation data collected between 1/1905-12/2005. This atlas is an update to Technical Paper No. 43 'Rainfall-Frequency Atlas of the Hawaiian Islands for Areas to 200 Square Miles, Durations to 24 Hours, and Return Periods from 1 to 100 Years' (U.S. Weather Bureau, 1962) and Technical Paper No. 51 'Two- to Ten-Day Rainfall for Return Periods of 2 to 100 Years in the Hawaiian Islands' (U.S. Weather Bureau, 1965). The grids provide information for durations from 5 minutes through 60 days, and for average recurrence intervals of 1 year through 1,000 years.
Purpose: Precipitation frequency estimates are used as basic design criteria for a wide variety of hydraulic structures such as culverts, roadway drainages, bridges and small dams. This dataset is for the display and/or analyses of spatially distributed point precipitation frequency estimates.
Supplemental Information: none.
Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 18990101
Ending Date: 20051231
Currentness Reference: Climatological period from which the point precipitation observations were taken.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency: As needed
Spatial Domain:
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinate: -160.2604167
East Bounding Coordinate: -154.8020833
North Bounding Coordinate: 22.24375
South Bounding Coordinate: 18.91041667
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Science Keywords
Theme Keyword: Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Frequency
Theme:
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Place:
Place Keyword Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Location Keywords
Place Keyword: Continent > North America > United States Of America > Hawaii
Stratum:
Stratum Keyword Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Location Keywords
Stratum Keyword: Vertical Location > Ground Layer
(thelayid):
(numthlay):1
(layrname):
Theme:
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Science Keywords
Theme Keyword: Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Frequency
Access Constraints: n/a, no restrictions apply and data is public domain.
Use Constraints: Acknowledgement of NOAA/National Weather Service, Office of Hydrologic Development, Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center (HDSC)
Point of Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: NOAA/National Weather Service, Office of Hydrologic Development, Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA/NWS/Office of Hydrologic Development
Address: SSMC2, W/OHD 12
Address: 1325 East-West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State or Province: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: (301) 713-0640
Contact Facsimile Telephone: (301) 713-0963
Contact Electronic Mail Address: hdsc.questions@noaa.gov
Hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern, Monday-Friday
Browse Graphic:
Browse Graphic File Name: http://hdsc.nws.noaa.gov/hdsc/pfds/meta/images/hi1_web_thumbnail.png
Browse Graphic File Description: HI 100-year 24-hour
Browse Graphic File Type: PNG
Security Information:
Security Classification System: None
Security Classification: Unclassified
Security Handling Description: None
Native Data Set Environment: Linux
Cross Reference:
Citation Information:
Originator: NOAA/National Weather Serivce, Office of Hydrology
Publication Date: 1962
Title: Technical Paper 43 - Rainfall-Frequency Atlas of the Hawaiian Islands for Areas to 200 Square Miles, Durations to 24 Hours, and Return Periods from 1 to 100 Years
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: document
Series Information:
Series Name: Technical Paper
Issue Identification: No. 43
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Silver Spring, MD, USA
Publisher: NOAA/National Weather Serivce, Office of Hydrology
Cross Reference:
Citation Information:
Originator: NOAA/National Weather Serivce, Office of Hydrology
Publication Date: 1965
Title: Technical Paper 51, Two-to-Ten-Day Rainfall for Return Periods of 2 to 100 Years in the Hawaiian Islands
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: document
Series Information:
Series Name: Technical Paper
Issue Identification: No. 51
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Silver Spring, MD, USA
Publisher: NOAA/National Weather Serivce, Office of Hydrology
Data Quality Information:
Attribute Value Accuracy Information:
Attribute Accuracy Report: All attributes created during the creation process were tested for internal consistency. In addition, thorough comparisons where conducted with Technical Paper 43 and 51.
Logical Consistency Report: All data were based on precipitation-reporting stations that had at least 15 years of hourly and/or 20 years of daily precipitation data between 1899 and 2005. Similar quality assurance procedures were used with all input data sets.
Completeness Report: Observed point precipitation values originated from a variety of sources. Station data were subjected to quality control checks by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and the Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center. Some data that was not already digitized by NCDC was done so by the Hawaii State Climate Office and Haleakala National Park and Biological Resources Division (HaleNet).
Lineage:
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Publication Date: 2005
Title: Hourly Precipitation Data
Series Information:
Series Name: DSI3240
Issue Identification: None
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, NC, USA
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Online Linkage: http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html
Type of Source Media: online
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 19480101
Ending Date: 20051231
Source Currentness Reference: ground condition
Source Citation Abbreviation: DSI3240
Source Contribution: Location and values of known hourly precipitation amounts.
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Publication Date: 2004
Title: Daily Cooperative Summary of the Day
Series Information:
Series Name: DSI3200, DSI3206
Issue Identification: None
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, NC, USA
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Online Linkage: http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html
Type of Source Media: online
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 18990101
Ending Date: 20051231
Source Currentness Reference: ground condition
Source Citation Abbreviation: DSI3200, DSI3206
Source Contribution: Location and values of known daily precipitation amounts.
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Publication Date: 2004
Title: First Order Summary of the Day
Series Information:
Series Name: First Order Summary of the Day
Issue Identification: None
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, NC, USA
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Online Linkage: http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html
Type of Source Media: online
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 18990101
Ending Date: 20051231
Source Currentness Reference: ground condition
Source Citation Abbreviation: DSI3210
Source Contribution: Location and values of known hourly and daily precipitation amounts at National Weather Service First Order stations.
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: Hawaii State Climate Office
Publication Date: 2005
Title: Daily Monthly Maxima Precipitation Data
Series Information:
Series Name: State monthly maximum data
Issue Identification: None
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Honolulu, HI, USA
Publisher: Hawaii State Climate Office
Online Linkage: http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/MET/Hsco/
Type of Source Media: disc
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 19480101
Ending Date: 20011231
Source Currentness Reference: ground condition
Source Citation Abbreviation: Hawaii State Climate Office. "Monthly 1-DAY Maxima Precipitation Data." 01/2002. DVD.
Source Contribution: Location and values of known daily monthly maxima precipitation amounts.
Source Information:
Source Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: Haleakala National Park and Biological Res. Division
Publication Date: 2007
Title: HaleNet Data
Series Information:
Series Name: HaleNet
Issue Identification: None
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Haleakala, Maui, HI, USA
Publisher: Haleakala National Park and Biological Res. Division and University of Hawaii
Online Linkage: http://webdata.soc.hawaii.edu/climate/HaleNet/Index.htm
Type of Source Media: electronic mail system
Source Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 19930101
Ending Date: 20070831
Source Currentness Reference: ground condition
Source Citation Abbreviation: Haleakala National Park and Biological Res. Hourly and Daily HaleNet data. 03/2008.
Source Contribution: Location and values of known daily monthly maxima precipitation amounts.
Process Step:
Process Description: This spatial dataset was prepared by spatially interpolating point precipitation frequency estimates. The precipitation frequency estimates were calculated using regional L-moment statistics based on an annual maximum series data. The spatial interpolation of the point precipitation frequency estimates was accomplished with Parameter-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM) coupled with a derivation process called the cascade, residual add-back (CRAB) procedure. So-called "index flood," in this project the mean annual maxima, grids were created using PRISM at Oregon State University. PRISM is an analytical tool that uses point data, a digital elevation model, and other spatial data sets to generate gridded estimates of climatic parameters. PRISM is uniquely designed and constantly updated to map climate in the most difficult situations, including high mountains, rain shadows, temperature inversions, coastal regions, and other complex climatic regimes. CRAB is used to actually derive the precipitation frequency grids. CRAB is a derivation process that utilizes the strong, linear relationship between a particular duration and frequency (e.g., 50-year 24-hour) and the next higher frequency (e.g., 100-year 24-hour). Within an L-moment region this relationship is constant and known as the Regional Growth Factor (RGF). With the CRAB procedure however, a global (all-region) relationship is developed based on actual observing-site data, then a linear relationship is applied to the preceding grid (i.e., 50-year 24-hour) to establish a first-guess 100-year 24-hour grid. Knowing regional differences occur, residuals (predicted minus observed) are calculated for each observing-site and then normalized (divided by) by the preceding estimate (50-year 24-hour). These (point) normalized residuals are then spatially interpolated to a grid. The resultant grid is then un-normalized by multiplying it by the preceding grid to obtain a grid of actual residuals (in inches). The last step is to simply add the residual grid to the first-guess grid to arrive at the final 100-year 24-hour grid. The process, as the term cascade implies, utilizes a previously derived grid to derive the next grid. So the same process is followed for deriving the 200-year 24-hour grid, but instead of the 50-year 24-hour grid being used as the predictor, the new 100-year 24-hour grid is used. For more details about the processes used to create this grid, please see the NOAA Atlas 14 documentation.
Process Date: 200905
Spatial Data Organization Information:
Direct Spatial Reference Method: Raster
Raster Object Information:
(cvaltype):integer
Raster Object Type: Grid Cell
Row Count: 800
Column Count: 1310
Vertical Count: 1
Spatial Reference Information:
Horizontal Coordinate System Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude Resolution: 0.0041666667
Longitude Resolution: 0.0041666667
Geographic Coordinate Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic Model:
Horizontal Datum Name: D_WGS_1972 (WGS72)
Ellipsoid Name: D_WGS_1972
Semi-major Axis: 6378135.000000
Denominator of Flattening Ratio: 298.260000
Entity and Attribute Information:
Detailed Description:
Entity Type:
Entity Type Label: precipitation frequency grid cell value
Entity Type Definition: ASCII integer
Entity Type Definition Source: Self-evident
Attribute:
Attribute Label: precipitation frequency grid cell value
Attribute Definition: spatially gridded precipitation frequency estimates
Attribute Definition Source: HDSC
Attribute Domain Values:
Unrepresentable Domain: Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute Label: Value
Attribute Definition: Feature geometry. Grid cell precipitation in inches*1000
Attribute Definition Source: HDSC
Attribute Domain Values:
Unrepresentable Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute Value Accuracy Information:
Attribute Value Accuracy: 0.01
Attribute Value Accuracy Explanation: measurement accuracy of precipitation gauges (inches)
Distribution Information:
Distributor:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: NOAA/NWS/OHD/Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing address
Address: NOAA/NWS/Office of Hydrologic Development
Address: SSMC2, W/OHD 12
Address: 1325 East-West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State or Province: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: (301) 713-0640
Resource Description: Downloadable data.
Distribution Liability: Users must assume responsibility to determine the appropriate use of these data.
Standard Order Process:
Digital Form:
Digital Transfer Information:
Format Name: ASCII
Transfer Size: .25
Digital Transfer Option:
Online Option:
Computer Contact Information:
Network Address:
Network Resource Name: HDSC PFDS;
Network Resource Name: hiXyrYYaZ.ver3 (X = average recurrence interval, YY = duration; Z = null for mean value, u for upper limit, l for lower limit)
Access Instructions: Web download
Fees: None
Metadata Reference Information:
Metadata Date: 201107
Metadata Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: NOAA/NWS/OHD/Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
Contact Address:
Address Type: mailing
Address: NOAA/NWS/Office of Hydrologic Development
Address: SSMC2, W/OHD 12
Address: 1325 East-West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State or Province: MD
Postal Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 301-713-0640
Contact Electronic Mail Address: hdsc.questions@noaa.gov
Metadata Standard Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata Standard Version: FGDC-STD-012-2002
Metadata Time Convention: local time
/geoportal/rest/document?f=html&id=%7B304CC55C-FEA5-475F-AE72-917DD01BB3E6%7D
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