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Global Merged Land Air Sea Surface Temperature Reconstruction


Identification Information:
(datsetid): gov.noaa.ncdc:C00752
Citation:
Citation Information:
Originator: National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publication Date: 20060206
Title: Global Merged Land Air Sea Surface Temperature Reconstruction
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: tabular digital data
Series Information:
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, NC
Publisher: NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center
Online Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/anomalies.html
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/anomalies.html
Connection protocol: http
(applicationProfile): web browser
(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Image and description of the product
(function): information
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Description:
Abstract: NCDC's long-term mean temperatures for the Earth were calculated by processing data from thousands of world-wide observation sites on land and sea for the entire period of record of the data. Many parts of the globe are inaccessible and therefore have no data. The temperature anomaly time series presented here were calculated in a way that did not require knowing the actual mean temperature of the Earth in these inaccessible areas such as mountain tops and remote parts of the Sahara Desert where there are no regularly reporting weather stations. Using the collected data available, the whole Earth long-term mean temperatures were calculated by interpolating over uninhabited deserts, inaccessible Antarctic mountains, etc. in a manner that takes into account factors such as the decrease in temperature with elevation. By adding the long-term monthly mean temperature for the Earth to each anomaly value, one can create a time series that approximates the temperature of the Earth and how it has been changing through time.
Purpose: To make a wide range of climatic data available to researchers and the public.
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Originator: Smith, T. M.
Originator: Reynolds, R. W.
Publication Date: 20050615
Title: A Global Merged Land-Air-Sea Surface Temperature Reconstruction Based on Historical Observations (1880-1997)
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: tabular digital data
Series Information:
Series Name: Journal of Climate
Issue Identification: Vol. 18, pp. 2021-2036
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, North Carolina, College Park, Maryland
Publisher: NOAA/NESDIS/National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, and CICS/ESSIC, University of Maryland, College Park
Online Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-Reynolds-dataset-2005.pdf
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-Reynolds-dataset-2005.pdf
Connection protocol: http
(applicationProfile): web browser
(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Image and description of the product
(function): information
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Originator: Smith, T. M.
Originator: Reynolds, R. W.
Originator: Peterson, T. C.
Originator: Lawrimore, J. H.
Publication Date: 20050730
Publication Time: Unknown
Title: New surface temperature analyses for climate monitoring
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: tabular digital data
Series Information:
Series Name: Geophysical Research Letters
Issue Identification: Vol. 32, L14712, doi:10.1029/2005GL023402
Publication Information:
Publication Place: College Park, Maryland, USA
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center/National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service/NOAA, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland
Online Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-comparison.pdf
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-comparison.pdf
Connection protocol: http
(applicationProfile): web browser
(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Image and description of the product
(function): information
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(scipap):
Citation Information:
Originator: Smith, T. M.
Originator: Reynolds, R. W.
Publication Date: 20040105
Publication Time: Unknown
Title: Improved Extended Reconstruction of SST (1854-1997)
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: tabular digital data
Series Information:
Series Name: Journal of Climate
Issue Identification: Vol. 17, pp. 2466-2477
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, North Carolina
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center/National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service/NOAA
Online Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-Reynolds-dataset-2004.pdf
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Smith-Reynolds-dataset-2004.pdf
Connection protocol: http
(applicationProfile): web browser
(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Image and description of the product
(function): information
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(scipap):
Citation Information:
Originator: Peterson, T. C.
Originator: Vose, R. S.
Publication Date: 19970811
Publication Time: Unknown
Title: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Temperature Database
Geospatial Data Presentation Form: tabular digital data
Series Information:
Series Name: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Issue Identification: Vol. 78, pp. 2837-2849
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Asheville, North Carolina, Tempe, Arizona
Publisher: National Climatic Data Center/National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service/NOAA, Office of Climatology, Arizona State University
Online Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Peterson-Vose-1997.pdf
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/Peterson-Vose-1997.pdf
Connection protocol: http
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(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Image and description of the product
(function): information
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Supplemental Information: data set
Time Period of Content:
Time Period Information:
Range of Dates/Times:
Beginning Date: 18800101
Ending Date: 19971231
Currentness Reference: Ground Condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency: As Needed
Spatial Domain:
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinate: -180.0
East Bounding Coordinate: 180.0
North Bounding Coordinate: 90.0
South Bounding Coordinate: -90.0
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Keywords:
Theme:
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Theme Keyword: 004
Theme:
Theme Keyword Thesaurus: GCMD Science Keywords
Theme Keyword: Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Temperature Anomalies
Theme Keyword: Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Air Temperature
Theme Keyword: Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
Place:
Place Keyword Thesaurus: GCMD Location Keywords
Place Keyword: Geographic Region > Global
Stratum:
Stratum Keyword Thesaurus: GCMD Location Keywords
Stratum Keyword: Vertical Location > Land Surface
Stratum Keyword: Vertical Location > Sea Surface
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Access Constraints: None
Use Constraints: None
Point of Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact Position: Customer Services Branch
Contact Address:
Address Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 151 Patton Avenue
Address: Room 468
City: Asheville
State or Province: North Carolina
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 828-271-4800
Contact TDD/TTY Telephone: 828-271-4010
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 828-271-4876
Contact Electronic Mail Address: ncdc.orders@noaa.gov
Hours: 8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
Contact Instructions: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/about/ncdcordering.html
Browse Graphic:
Browse Graphic File Name: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/img/climate/research/2007/ann/global-jan-dec-error-bar-pg.gif
Browse Graphic File Description: The National Climatic Data Center maintains a global-scale climate diagnostic tool that provides a big picture overview of average global temperatures compared to a reference value. This data set consists of monthly average temperature anomalies on a 5° x 5° grid across land and ocean surfaces.
Browse Graphic File Type: gif
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Data Quality Information:
Attribute Value Accuracy Information:
Attribute Accuracy Report: Not provided
Logical Consistency Report: Unknown
Completeness Report: Completeness information not available.
Lineage:
Process Step:
Process Description: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/anomalies.html
Process Date: Unknown
Entity and Attribute Information:
Overview Description:
Entity and Attribute Overview: Global Surface Temperature Anomalies data set is a merged analysis that incorporates the latest updates in the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) and the Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN).
Entity and Attribute Detail Citation: None
Distribution Information:
Distributor:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact Position: Customer Services Branch
Contact Address:
Address Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 151 Patton Avenue
Address: Room 468
City: Asheville
State or Province: North Carolina
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 828-271-4800
Contact TDD/TTY Telephone: 828-271-4010
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 828-271-4876
Contact Electronic Mail Address: ncdc.orders@noaa.gov
Hours: 8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
Contact Instructions: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/about/ncdcordering.html
Resource Description: 001
Distribution Liability: Every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of current NOAA quality control procedures. NOAA can only certify that the data provided to its customers is an authentic copy of the records which were accepted for inclusion in NOAA archives. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Standard Order Process:
Digital Form:
Digital Transfer Information:
Format Name: tabular digital data
Digital Transfer Option:
Online Option:
Computer Contact Information:
Network Address:
Network Resource Name: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/anomalies.html
(CI_OnlineResource):
Online location (URL): http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/anomalies.html
Connection protocol: http
(applicationProfile): web browser
(name): NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
(description): Flat ASCII data files
(function): download
Offline Option:
Recording Capacity:
Fees: Fees, if applicable, are displayed on the web page for obtaining these data; fees are also dependent on customer order specifications. Please contact NCDC for further information on fees and terms for retrieving these data.
Ordering Instructions: Visit the web page for ordering these data online, or contact NCDC to place an order through Customer Services. Please provide the Data Set Identifier, DSI-3715, when placing an order. For more information about ordering from NCDC, visit http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/about/ncdcordering.html.
Metadata Reference Information:
Metadata Date: 20080827
Metadata Review Date: 20080827
Metadata Contact:
Contact Information:
Contact Organization Primary:
Contact Organization: National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact Position: Customer Services Branch
Contact Address:
Address Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 151 Patton Avenue
Address: Room 468
City: Asheville
State or Province: North Carolina
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA
Contact Voice Telephone: 828-271-4800
Contact TDD/TTY Telephone: 828-271-4010
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 828-271-4876
Contact Electronic Mail Address: ncdc.metadata@noaa.gov
Hours: 8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
Metadata Standard Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata
Metadata Standard Version: FGDC-STD-012-2002
Metadata Extensions:
Online Linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/metadata/extensions/local_extensions.html
Profile Name: NGDC Extensions to FGDC Metadata
Metadata Extensions:
Online Linkage: http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/csdgm_rs_ex/MetadataRemoteSensingExtens.pdf
Online Linkage: http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/csdgm_rs_ex/remote-sensing-metadata
Profile Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata, FGDC-STD-012-2002
Metadata Extensions:
Online Linkage: http://www.eis.noaa.gov/fgdc/fgdcleg.html
Profile Name: NOAA Supplemental Information in Description (NOAA legacy extension to FGDC)
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